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THAISZIA – JOURNAL OF BOTANY, Volume 25, Suppl. No. 1, 2015 – abstracts

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Mochnacký S. (2015): Education in botanical gardens and arboreta. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 3-6. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Botanical gardens and arboreta are scientific and educational institutions with high concentration of plant taxa from different phytogeographical regions. Their activities and functions are defined in international documents, national laws and by internal rules. Education is one of the important roles and this paper deals with different possible educational aspects in such specialized institutions.
Keywords: education, botanical gardens, arboreta, plant protection.
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Arapetyan E. (2015): Botanical Gardens are the main base for education for sustainable development. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 7-11. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Botanic Garden serves a number of interrelated functions: phytodiversity preservation, recreational, scientific, teaching, educational, cultural. They play main role of leading centers of education. Create out funds of plants are used in student research and post-graduate education, to develop culture of relations with nature. Botanical gardens were given a major role for the implementation of Program “Education for Sustainable Development”. They become centers of environmental education and ecological education.
Keywords: botanical garden, plant collections, education for sustainable development.
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Mňahončáková E. (2015): The importance of the Botanic Gardens at SPU, Nitra, in relation to their engagement in scientific research and education. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 13-17. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: The Botanic Gardens should become a prestigious institution, it must become a source of inspiration for its “garden art” and that the transformation is completed in good taste. Its history is described in scientific studies, publishing and scientific journals. It is influenced by its participation in various nature protection projects. The aim of the Botanic Gardens is to build up collections of plants and additionally undertake scientific research, using modern methods in order to preserve the hereditary factors of the various plant types.
Keywords: introduction, The Botanic Gardens, scientific research tasks, collections
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Fridmanová A. & Jurečková B. (2015): Botanikiáda project – the way of motivation for both learning and teaching biology. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 19-22. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: BOTANIKIÁDA project is realized in the Botanical Garden of P. J. Šafárik University in Košice. It is aimed at the science popularization. Project is the way of motivation for both learning and teaching biology. Up to now, we have successfully implemented the project BOTANIKIÁDA for six years, together 16,050 pupils completed on-line tests and 1,288 pupils participated in the regional rounds.
Keywords: botany, Botanikiáda, Botanical Garden of UPJŠ, science Popularization
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Prokopová L. & Skružná J. (2015): Informations systems for people with special needs in Prague Botanic Garden. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 23-25. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Prague Botanic Garden as a scientific, cultural and educational institution aims to ensure that modern botany knowledge is available to the general public, including children, seniors, and visitors with special needs. It devotes special attention to all these categories of visitors and since 1996 to visually impaired people in particular. We believe that the opening of our garden to visually impaired people is very important, since it enables all these categories of visitors to move freely around the garden with minimal restrictions. We also consider it very important to adapt the garden to their needs without building separate specialized gardens. We feel that such separated places could reinforce unwanted isolation of people with special needs.
Keywords: exhibition, sensory perception, Dinasys technology, navigation system, barrier-free, information device, Braille print, plant
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Homolová Z. (2015): Mediation of knowledge to visitors of the Exhibition of the Tatra nature in Tatranská Lomnica. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 27-35. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: The Exhibition of the Tatra nature in Tatranská Lomnica is located in the settlement of Tatranská Lomnica on south–eastern slope of the High Tatra Mts. Originally here were spreading wet meadows with globeflower (Trollius altissimus). Particularity of the Botanical garden is species composition, which is corresponding to Tatra Mts. plants. Fundamentals and most important constituent of collection are the alpine species including the species and relict species. The plants are planted in 8 rockeries on granite and limestone bedrocks and mylonite imitation on the area of 3,20 hectares Focus of our garden has been highly specialized. Very important mission have been public relations. The information on the occurrence individual species, site condition and history of national park are the major education for visitors of botanical garden The aim of ETP is also discovering and observing the beauties of the Tatra nature as well as protection and preservation of precious and endangered Tatra flora species, and teaching to have an active relationship towards the Tatra nature.
Keywords: Exhibition of the Tatra nature, Tatranská Lomnica, High Tatra Mts.
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Kirpluk I. & Podstolski W. (2015): The role of biodiversity conservation in education at Warsaw University Botanic Garden. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 37-46. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: The Botanic Garden of Warsaw University, established in 1818, is one of the oldest botanic gardens in Poland. It is located in the centre of Warsaw within its historic district. Initially it covered an area of 22 ha, but in 1834 the garden area was reduced by 2/3, and has remained unchanged since then. Today, the cultivated area covers 5.16 ha. The plant collection of 5000 taxa forms the foundation for a diverse range of educational activities. The collection of threatened and protected Polish plant species plays an especially important role. The Botanic Garden is a scientific and didactic unit. Its educational activities are aimed not only at university students, biology teachers, and school and preschool children, but also at a very wide public. Within the garden there are designed and well marked educational paths dedicated to various topics. Clear descriptions of the paths can be found in the garden guide, both in Polish and English. Specially designed educational games for children, Green Peter and Green Domino, serve a supplementary role. On demand, the garden staff organize special tours on specific topics, such as “Plants of the Meadows and Forests of Poland”, and “Adaptations of Plants to Different Environments”. Each year there are also several exhibitions and shows aimed at presenting various plant groups. One of the most popular is “Plants, Insects and Honey”. A wide range of workshops is also available there. One of them is “Under the Ginkgo tree leaf”. The Botanic Garden of Warsaw University also serves as a place for the conservation of plants traditionally grown in Polish village gardens. For this purpose the Kurpie Border was created to familiarize visitors with the issues of the conservation of the biological diversity of the Polish countryside.
Keywords: garden collection, conservation, educational activities
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Kóňová E. & Záhorská M. (2015): Use of plant genetic resources of Botanic Garden of SUA in Nitra in education. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 47-51. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: The basic mission of each botanical garden is first of all construction and maintenance of plant collections. Created collections serve as irreplaceable educational tool. The Botanical Garden of the Slovak University of Agriculture is not exemption in this sense. The garden has been closely related to educational process since it was established in 1982.
Keywords: botanical garden, collections, genepool, education
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Kimáková K. & Tomková V. (2015): Application of inquiry-based learning for visitors of botanical garden. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 53-58. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Contemporary view of the education emphasizes transformation and development of primary knowledge by active learning. To the concept of active learning fits well the model of research cycle for science teaching. This approach is based on a controlled dialogue and its development into debate on the question, to which the answer can be obtained by examining and searching for evidence. Acquisition of scientific approach as formulating a testable question, planning and implementation of procedure for obtaining a response, evaluation of evidence leading to the conclusions and sharing of the results are steps, where the learner is actively entering the cognitive process. This paper reports a specific example of application an inquiry activity for visitors of botanical garden, which can be implemented during routine visit.
Keywords: education, inquiry, botanical garden, science
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Lukáčik I., Sarvašová I. & Luptáková J. (2015): Utilization of the Borová Hora Arboretum in the education process and scientific research. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 59-67. – ISSN 1210- 0420.

Abstract: The Borová Hora Arboretum is a research and educational workplace of the Technical University in Zvolen. Its collections are utilized for education, pedagogical work, and scientific research concerning especially the field of dendrology, but also other biological disciplines. In contrast to similar facilities, there are collected native autochthonous tree species growing in Slovak forests, in their wide intraspecific and geographical variability. Teaching forestry dendrology and dendrology generally in the arboretum is aimed at the obtaining of theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for successful breeding and growing indigenous and introduced tree species significant for forest management and with respect to morphological traits, biological properties, and forest communities which they form. Special attention is paid to the intraspecific and geographic variability of species, to the importance of this research and the utilization of ecotypes.
Keywords: arboretum, education process, autochthonous Dendroflora
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Novozámská E., Vítová E. & Balaštíková A. (2015): Botanic garden – a place for the development of alternative education. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 69-72. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: The potentials of out-of-school education offer to students and their teachers a wide range of suggestions which could improve excursions and seminars in the field of natural sciences. It is an alternative to classic school education that could refresh the topic. Important question is how to pass the knowledge to children which is difficult in such less popular themes as botany. Our article presents particular activation methods and shows alternative approach of education which we use in programs for schools in our botanic garden. This includes, above all, didactic games, methods of experiential education (learning through doing) or group work in the frame of various enquiry-based instructions.
Keywords: out of school-learning, botany, guided tours, educational programmes, Prague
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Hrúzová M. & Haver A. (2015): Crops for biodiversity conservation. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 73-80. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: One of the current trends is a return to traditional agroecosystems, exploitation of natural resources and preservation of the cultural diversity of nations. Botanic Gardens are important in the protection of genetic resources and natural heritage. Botanical Garden SUA during its existence participated in several projects and research tasks related to the saving of Plant Genetic Resources. Part of its collections are various crop plants, such as medicinal and spice plants, vegetables, fruit trees and various types of plants of the world. In pomological and ampelographic collection of Botanical Garden are registered 728 varieties on an area of 5.75 hectares. The number of registered varieties includes varieties listed in fruits species gene pool: 53 species of old and regional apples and 22 old and regional varieties of pears. The collections of medicinal herbs and kitchen herbs represents 83 kinds of herbs organized in 27 families and 24 species used in folk medicine and medicine. Projects at Botanical Garden SUA aim to expand the gene pool of crop plants for the conservation of biological diversity.
Keywords: diversity, crop plants, botanical garden, gene pool
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Suvák M. (2015): Exotic butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) in botanical gardens – potential for education and research. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 81-147. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Exhibitions of live butterflies and moths can have very high educational potential. In natural environments, lepidopteran and plant taxa closely interact and many characteristics of representatives of both these groups are results of such relationships. Therefore, free flying butterflies in botanical gardens enable demonstrations of a wide variety of natural phenomena studied within entomology, ecology, botany, evolutionary theory etc. The Victoria greenhouse of Botanical Garden of P. J. Šafárik University in Košice provides excellent conditions for such observations. Combination of tropical and subtropical plants with live exotic butterflies and moths, in many cases from the same regions as the plant taxa, gives a unique opportunity to see phenomena usually naturally available only far away from Central Europe. During annual seasonal “butterfly shows” in the years 2008 – 2015, the visitors of this greenhouse could see at least 182 different lepidopteran taxa mostly from Central and South America, Africa and South East Asia. Next to the presented species diversity, some observations on food preferences, behavior, mimetic forms, natural enemies and other ecological relationships are discussed here.
Keywords: Lepidoptera, butterflies, moths, education, ecology, botanical garden, greenhouses.
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Kelbel P. (2015): Educational aspect of the Botanical Garden of PJŠU in the context of teaching the subject „Dendrology“. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 149-154. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Dendrology“ was included as an optional subject in the teaching plans since the academic year 2006/2007. The aim was to connect it to the teaching of vascular plants systematics and botany, deepening knowledge on the basic species of native and introduced trees and shrubs, their ecological requirements, as well as current problems of woody plants in urban areas. The collections of plants in BG PJŠU allow exploring the woods within exercises, showing their geographical and individual variability and the possibility of their use in landscaping and park creation. BG PJŠU offers opportunities for educational and professional development across all three levels of higher education (bachelor, master and doctorate study). It also allows to find talented pupils and students within primary and secondary schools.
Keywords: educational use of BG PJŠU, dendrology, ecological requirements of woody plants.
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Gregorek R. & Pľuchtová M. (2015): Contribution to the issue of plants protection from the damage by game – practical experience with the application of environmental practices in the conditions of Botanical Garden of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 155-162. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: Botanical gardens and arboretums pay much attention to growing of variety of plants of which the significant amount represent the trees. The measures for protection of grown trees are then economically justified. Vast areas of collections are usually home to lots of animals. These include free ruminants as well as animals bred in order to provide ecological maintenance in form of grazing. Much experience has been obtained with grazing the forest parks and meadows in the area of our botanical garden. The experience and knowledge has resulted into an ecological as well as economical form of protection of trees from being grazed by free as well as bred animals.
Keywords: grazing, trees protection, biting of trees, ecological maintenance of the park forests
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Gáperová S., Náplavová K. & Gáper J. (2015): Ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic macrofungi associated with woody plants in the Borova hora arboretum. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 163-170. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: A survey of macrofungi in collections of woody plant species in the Borova hora arboretum (Central Slovakia) which are originally grew in natural forests of Slovakia was conducted during both Systematic botany and Mycology courses within vegetation periods 2010-2015. List of all recorded ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic macrofungi is presented. A total of 211 macrofungal species were recorded. Of that 205 were Basidiomycota and 6 Ascomycota. These were represented by 103 species of ectomycorrhizal symbionts, 24 species of saprotrophic wooddecaying fungi and 84 species of saprotrophic terricolous fungi. Data as to types of fruitbodies recorded as well as case dichotomous identification key of chosen species are also given.
Keywords: Borova hora arboretum, macromycetes, woody plants, Education
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Božová D. (2015): Contribution of the project Botanikiada for teachers and students of basic schools. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 25 (Suppl. 1): 171-173. – ISSN 1210-0420.

Abstract: This article contains information about education of Biology in basic schools. Students are interested in plants only a little. Project Botanikiada helps teachers with education about plants. Pupils who participated in regional competition of Botanikiada like this project. They recommend it for every pupil of the fifth classes to participate there.
Keywords: project Botanikiada, plants, Biology, basic school, botanical garden, fifth class
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