THAISZIA – JOURNAL OF BOTANY, Volume 31, 2021 – abstracts
Mártonfi P. (2021): Seventy unique years of the Botanical Garden of P. J. Šafárik University in Košice. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 003-028. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-01
Abstract: The Botanical Garden in Košice (BG) was established owing to the initiative of Dr. Jozef Rácz on 5th May 1950 as the Botanical Institute of the University of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (VŠPLI). Later it belonged to the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Pedagogical Institute, until it became a part of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (UPJŠ) in 1964. From its beginning it has played a role of a scientific and pedagogical institution. A lot of plants were planted in the originally almost bare area, greenhouses were built, which were open on 14th October 1958. At that time, they belonged among the largest ones in Central Europe. In 1969, the administrative building was completed. At present, the BG is a protected area with a total of 30 ha, greenhouses on an area of 3,200 m2 and more than 4,000 species, subspecies, and cultivars of plants. It is thus the largest BG in Slovakia with the richest collection of cacti and cycads in Slovakia, as well as with various unique plant species from around the world. The main scope of the activities of the BG is the scientific research aimed at the concentrating and studying of the gene pool of endangered and common species. Further important activities comprise direct support of higher education and various activities within the framework of education at primary and secondary schools, as well as the support of natural history, ecological and cultural knowledge of all visitors.
Keywords: Botanical Garden of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, history, 70 years, Košice, Slovakia.
Eliáš P. Jr., Dítě Z., Eliášová M. & Dítě D. (2021): Revision of occurrence and phytosociology of Ranunculus pedatus Waldst. et Kit. in Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 029-041. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-02
Abstract: Ranunculus pedatus is a Eurasian species with a northern distribution edge in southern Slovakia. In the nineties of the 20th century, it was assumed that the species probably occurs only near Štúrovo. Occurrence in the Hron and Ipeľ basins and several localities in the Podunajská nížina lowland between Komárno and Štúrovo was considered historical. Our research was conducted in the field and herbarium collections of 15 herbaria in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia. Except for the well-known occurrence on salt habitats north of Štúrovo, we confirmed the recent occurrence of R. pedatus in Štúrovo town, around Chľaba village and in Ipeľ Basin (Pastovce, Tupá). The new, easternmost Slovak locality was found near the village of Koláre. Recently, 30% of all known sites were confirmed, so we propose reclassifying the species in Slovak Red List from the category critically endangered (CR) to the category endangered (EN). It occurs in salty meadows of the alliance Festucion pseudovinae (class Festuco-Puccinellietea) and in mesic meadows of alliance Arrhenatherion elatioris and Deschampsion cespitosae (class Molinio-Arrhenatheretea).
Keywords: distribution, communities, Ranunculus, Red List.
Cole T. C. H., Hilger H. H., Majeský Ľ. & Mártonfi P. (2021): Plant Phylogeny Posters – Concise Overviews of Plant Phylogeny now in Czech and Slovak. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 043-045. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-03
Abstract: The Plant Phylogeny Posters (PPP) project is a free and regularly updated portfolio providing details of phylogenetic relationships of extant lineages of plants in a clear and appealing format for academia and general interest groups. The portfolio consists of three main posters: Angiosperm Phylogeny Poster (APP), Tracheophyte Phylogeny Poster (TPP), Bryophyte Phylogeny Poster (BPP), plus 30 posters of selected orders and families of angiosperms. Each poster depicts a tree showing the evolutionary relationships of a particular group on the level of orders, families, or genera also listing important apomorphic, plesiomorphic and diagnostic traits. The electronic format of these posters allows for regular updates based on most recent research results – thus the topology of the trees is largely up-to-date. All posters are freely available on ResearchGate and on the webpages of the authors.
Keywords: plant phylogeny, posters, educational tools, languages, teaching.
Mártonfiová L., Dudáš M. & Mártonfi P. (2021): Herbarium of Botanical Garden of Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice – a part of the botanical history of the region of eastern Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 047-068. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-04
Abstract: In 1884, Seed Station (Vetőmagvizsgáló Állomás) as a state institution of Hungary was established in Košice. On its ground probably the second institutional herbarium in this region was established. It gathered collections of wild and introduced plants from the vicinity of Košice and eastern Slovakia (Carpathian and Pannonian bioregions), including exsiccates of the collectors like A. Degen, L. de Thaisz and later M. Deyl. This herbarium later got into the administration of the Košice branch of the Central Agricultural Inspection and Testing Institute (Ústřední kontrolní a zkušební ústav zemědělský, ÚKZUZ) with the main office in Prague. In 1950, the Botanical Garden of the University of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (Vysoká škola poľnohospodárskeho a lesníckeho inžinierstva, VŠPLI) was established in Košice. Plant documentation material from the region of eastern Slovakia began to be concentrated there and another institutional herbarium, which was later taken over by the Slovak Academy of Sciences, was established. In 1960, the Botanical Garden in Košice was taken over by the Pedagogical Institute (Pedagogický inštitút), and the rather large herbarium was then reduced to 3,415 herbarium specimens. In the years 1958-1960, however, it was enriched by 9,539 herbarium specimens of the Košice branch of ÚKZUZ, which passed the herbarium from the years 1897 – 1943 to the botanical garden. In 1964, the botanical garden became a part of the Pavol Jozef Šafárik University (UPJŠ). At that time, the herbarium included 16,000 herbarium specimens of seed plants. For many years, the herbarium had only provisional rooms for its storage. In the early 1990s, a part of the building of the Botanical Garden was rebuilt and herbarium depositary and study room were formed. Later an electronic database has been created and in recent years the herbarium specimens have also been digitized. In September 2020 the herbarium included about 55,000 specimens, of which more than 34,500 were registered in local database and some of them (more than 9,000) are digitized.
Keywords: botanical garden, collection, Slovakia.
Mičieta K. (2021): Phytoindication of environmental mutagenesis in the in-situ conditions using the pollen of selected species of native flora. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 069-078. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-05
Abstract: The aim of this study is to provide an effective method for indicating ecogenotoxicity in the environment using pollen grains and microspores of selected species of the native flora in the in situ conditions. In the report, we summarize the results of long-term experience with the benefits of native flora species as bioindicators of polluted environments. We present the current results of long-term monitoring of phytoindication of ecogenotoxicity in Bratislava and selected traffic junctions in Slovakia. The increase of pollen grain abortion in the group of localities exposed to a heavy load of traffic pollution demonstrates the ecogenotoxic impact of traffic emissions in the environment. The detailed practical methodological tools and possible difficulties with the classification of abortivity of microspores and pollen grains of these plant species are discussed.
Keywords: pollen abortivity, environmental pollution, ecogenotoxicity, native flora, phytoindication.
Maslo S. & Šarić Š. (2021): Physalis philadelphica Lam. (Solanaceae), a new alien species in the flora of Bosnia and Herzegovina. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 081-086. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-06
Abstract: Physalis philadelphica Lam. native to Mexico is now widely grown for its edible fruits (‘tomatillo’). It has been recorded as a new alien species to the vascular flora of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, P. philadelphica is reported from only one locality near the town of Zavidovići in Central Bosnia in September 2020. The specimens were growing along the banks of the Krivaja River in the vicinity of the village Ribnica. Brief information on the species distribution in Bosnia and Herzegovina and a short morphological description are given, as well as a key to Physalis species occurring in the Balkans.
Keywords: casual alien, distribution, morphology, new record, tomatillo.
Raycheva Ts., Stoyanov K., Ranđelović V., Uzundzhalieva K., Marinov J. & Trifonov V. (2021): Overview of the floristic and taxonomic studies on Iridaceae Juss. in Bulgaria. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 087-104. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-07
Abstract: According to the current data, the family Iridaceae is represented in Bulgaria by 30 species, grouped into 5 genera. The territory of Bulgaria, as part of the Balkan Peninsula, is characterized as a part of a secondary speciation center for the largest genera in the Iris and Crocus. In addition to widespread species, there are local and regional endemics that are of great conservation importance. Despite this fact, it is little known about the taxonomy and phylogeny of Iridaceae in Bulgaria. The main purpose of this publication is to present the degree of study of the family in Bulgarian literature, compared to the investigations in the Balkan Peninsula and the literature in the world. Inventory of the collections in the national herbaria SO, SOA and SOM have done. Most of the materials have been collected in the years of the active field studies on the Bulgarian flora – at the beginning of the 20th century until the taxonomical work on the family in vol. II of Flora Reipublicae Popularis Bulgaricae in the middle 60s. The lack of taxonomical investigations in Bulgarian flora justifies the need to reconsider the taxonomical structure of the Iridaceae family. Preliminary studies on species chorology have shown that the Bulgarian floristic literature’s data are outdated and do not coincide with recent taxonomic changes in polymorphic paraphyletic and polyphyletic groups. On other hand, the decisions in the phylogenetic relationships between the polyphyletic taxa could be realized using molecular techniques, which have not yet been implemented for the species in Bulgaria. The taxonomic complexity of the group and still scarce knowledge demands further studies in Bulgarian flora, including investigating phylogenetic relationships.
Keywords: Iridaceae, Bulgaria, Iris, Crocus, Gladiolus, Romulea, Sisyrinchium.
Farkas T. (2021): The occurrence of ladybells (Adenophora liliifolia) in border meadow Drahos (Drahoše) near Hollóháza (NE Hungary) and Skároš (SE Slovakia). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 105-116. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-08
Abstract: The ladybells (Adenophora liliifolia (L.) Besser) is a glacial relict plant species and is endangered throughout Europe. The species is strictly protected in Hungary and listed in the Habitats Directive of the EU. It is a designating species of the HUBN20085 Északi-Zempléni-hegység Natura 2000 site in Hungary. The occurrence of the species is limited to very few localities both in Hungary and Slovakia. This study was undertaken to characterize the habitats of ladybells from a phytosociological perspective and analyse the structure of its population in Drahos (Drahoše) meadow. Two relevés were sampled, one at each side of the border. The number of individuals was recorded, and selected quantitative variables of the stem, leaves, and inflorescence of each individual were evaluated during eight years of the survey.
Keywords: Adenophora liliifolia, endangered species, Drahoše, morphological structure, population dynamics.
Dudáš M. (ed.), Górecki A., Király G., Pliszko A. & Schmotzer A. (2021): New floristic records from Central Europe 7 (reports 99-108). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (1): 117-124. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-1-09
Abstract: The presented seventh part of the series includes ten new chorological records of vascular plants, two from Hungary, one from Poland and seven from Slovakia. In Hungary, locally introduced species Catalpa ovata spreading by seeds and the first occurrence of Carex depressa subsp. transsilvanica out of n the Zemplén Mts. was recorded. In Poland, the fifth record of Salvinia natans in the area of Kraków was found. In Slovakia, localities of four native species, Pilosella densiflora, P. leptophyton, Taraxacum bavaricum and Trifolium sarosiense were found as well as three alien species Phytolacca esculenta, Sorbus intermedia and the first record of garden escape of Euphorbia myrsinites. Distribution map of Taraxacum bavaricum in Slovakia is also presented.
Keywords: chorology, vascular plants, new findings, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, native species, alien, red list species.
Fráková V., Koprivý L., Mártonfiová L., Kocová V., Dudáš M. & Mártonfi P. (2021): Genome size, chromosome counts and distribution of Homogyne alpina (Asteraceae) in the Slovak Carpathians. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (2): 125-169. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-2-01
Abstract: Homogyne alpina (L.) Cass. represents the only species of the genus Homogyne Cass. in Slovakia. This study characterizes H. alpina in terms of chromosome counts, genome size, reproduction mode and distribution in Slovakia. Three known cytotypes of the species are known, of which the cytotype 2n = 160 is represented in the Slovak mountains and has not been documented from other countries yet. Flow cytometric analyses showed the genome size 2C = 21.30 pg for petioles and 2C = 21.82 pg for seeds. Sexual reproduction mode was confirmed by flow cytometric screening method based on embryo to endosperm genome size ratio. The centre of the species distribution is in high mountains of the Slovak Carpathians, where it is frequent in the altitude above 1000 m a. s. l. from mountane to alpine vegetation zone. The full list of the data of its distribution and the distribution map are also presented.
Keywords: mountain species, flow cytometry, chromosome numbers, distribution, Asteraceae.
Schmotzer A., Takács A. & Koscsó J. (2021): A newcomer from the east: naturalisation of Gypsophila perfoliata L. around the city of Miskolc (Northeast Hungary). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (2): 171-194. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-2-02
Abstract: Gypsophila perfoliata (Caryophyllaceae) is a rare, only casually occurring species in Central Europe. Its native range spans from western Asian to the coast of the Black Sea. Several adventive occurrences of G. perfoliata were documented in Central Europe, especially in Germany where the naturalisation of the taxon occurred during the first decades of the 20th century. As a rare weed, it is suspected to have been introduced with iron ore from the former Soviet Union via railways (Kryvyi Rih region, now Ukraine). In this paper, we gathered information on the occurrence of G. perfoliata from its adventive range. These data indicate an ongoing and fast spread of the species across Central and Eastern Europe. For instance, prior to this study, G. perfoliata have two occurrence records from Hungary. Six new and recent records from Miskolc town and its surrounding areas are presented in this paper. The studied plant occurs in former industrial areas (steel factory, transshipment yards, external slag heaps) or along transport lines (esp. road verges, railway lines). We also describe 18 phytosociological relevés taken at the location of occurrences. All occurrences were documented on heavily modified anthroposols, where the populations flourish on bare ground (esp. road verges or parking areas) or on ground with admixture of metalliferous slag debris. With the help of available orthophotos the presumed land-use history of the locations has also been reconstructed. Based on data presented here we recommend modifying the species’ adventive status in Hungary from casual to naturalised. Further expansion of the species is expected not only 172 at industrial sites but also at locations where slag material was utilised (e.g. landfill, road and rail construction). Due to its halophyte characteristics the species might expand its range along roads where de-icing salt is used.
Keywords: Eastern migration route, distribution, new floristic records, slag heap, roadsides, Hungary, Gypsophila perfoliata.
Hashani Z., Maxhuni Q., Zeneli L. & Ferizi R. (2021): Ranunculus degenii and Verbascum scardicola new records from the Restelica and Vraca valleys (NP Sharri) in Kosovo. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (2): 195-204. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-2-03
Abstract: The valleys of Restelica and Vraca in Kosovo have not been explored sufficiently due to their geographical position and the harshness of the terrain. The plant species Ranunculus degenii has been collected in Restelica, on the way to the border with North Macedonia or between this road and the Albanian border near Shishtavec, while the species Verbascum scardicola has been found in the Vraca valley. These localities are mainly dominated by silicate substrate, although the presence of conglomerate substrates is not excluded. These newly discovered habitats of these rare and endangered species represent their southernmost edge known to date. This paper reviews and discusses their discovery, description, distribution and mapping in these localities of the Sharri Mountains.
Keywords: Sharri Mountains, Kosovo flora, rare and endemic species, species distribution.
Dítě D., Balla M. & Dítě Z. (2021): Ranunculus polyphyllus Willd. still grows in Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (2): 205-212. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-2-04
Abstract: Ranunculus polyphyllus is a Eurosiberian species of the Eurasian forest-steppe zone, extremely rare in the western part of its distribution range, in Central Europe. In Slovakia, this lowland semiaquatic plant has its westernmost border, where only a few historic locations are known, and which have not been confirmed since 1965: one on the Podunajská nížina Lowland and three on the Východoslovenská nížina Lowland. These records, however, do not include any vegetation data. The species has been recently rediscovered in Slovakia on the Východoslovenská nížina Lowland: one historical site was confirmed in 2020 in the periodically inundated pasture near Strážne settlement, and a second site was found in 2021 near Zemplínske Hradište in a flooded depression in intensively used agricultural land which was formerly used as rice fields. In its European range, this species has been observed only in natural wetlands, and its ability to occupy secondary habitats has not yet been reported. Here we provide new data on the recent occurrence of Ranunculus polyphyllus in Slovakia with regard to its vegetation and habitat conditions.
Keywords: delayed growing season, secondary habitats, re-discovery, temporary wetlands, threatened species.
Dudáš M. (ed.), Ďurišová Ľ., Eliáš P. jun., Górecki A., Hrivnák R., Kšiňan S., Malovcová-Staníková M. & Pliszko A. (2021): New floristic records from Central Europe 8 (reports 109-121). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 31 (2): 213-223. – https://doi.org/10.33542/TJB2021-2-05
Abstract: The presented eighth part of the series includes thirteen new chorological records of vascular plants, one from Hungary, six from Poland and six from Slovakia. In Hungary, Ventenata dubia is reported. In Poland, two native taxa Bolboschoenus planiculmis and Najas marina subsp. marina and four alien taxa Buddleja davidii, Lupinus ehrenbergii var. ehrenbergii, Miscanthus sacchariflorus and Sedum sarmentosum are reported. In Slovakia, two native taxa Taraxacum paucilobum with distribution map and Cotoneaster integerrimus are reported as well as four alien taxa Azolla filiculoides, Eichhornia crassipes, Euphorbia prostrata and Pistia stratioites.
Keywords: chorology, vascular plants, new findings, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, native species, alien, red list species.