THAISZIA - JOURNAL OF BOTANY, Volume 21, 2011 - abstracts
Özdemir C., Alçitepe E. & Sepet H. (2011): Morphological, anatomical and ecological studies of Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl. in Turkey. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 1-9. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: This work is based on morphological, anatomical and ecological studies of Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl. each flower of which is lasting only a few hours. The genus Gynandriris is represented by only one taxon, Gynandriris sisyrinchium (syn. Iris sisyrinchium) in Turkey. Anatomical cross-section of the root, stem and leaf of plant is studied and demonstrated.
In this study it has been determined that the plant prefers clayeyloamy textured soil, poor in calcium carbonate, being acitic and containing varying amounts of organic matter being very rich in nitrogen. The plant grows on nonsaline soils. The analysis of some elements (N,P,K) was carried out in both above the ground and underground parts of this plant. In addition, analysis of chemical soil composition sample where the plant grows was carried out.
Dítě D., Eliáš P. jun., Šuvada R., Petrášová A. & Píš V. (2011): The present distribution and state of halophytic communities with Hordeum geniculatum in Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 11-20. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The paper provides information on the current occurrence of association Hordeetum hystricis Wendelbg. 1943 in Slovakia, where the community occurs at the northern border of its distribution range. The changes and vegetation state in the past and today are compared and discussed. The association is characterized by high cover of Hordeum geniculatum and is regarded as secondary community of relatively poorly salt-affected and nutrient rich solonetz soils. The occurrence of Hordeetum hystricis is related to intensively overgrazed sites in saline pastures. In Slovakia, the community was currently found near extinction and single locality was confirmed (Močenok, Siky farmstead). Due to the development trend and high dependence on sheep grazing the association is considered as critically endangered in Slovakia.
Eliáš jun. P. (2011): Geranium purpureum Vill. – new alien species to the Slovak flora. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 21-28. – ISSN 1210- 0420.
Abstract: Geranium purpureum WILL. (Little Robin), a new alien species of Slovak flora was found for the first time at railway stop of the Gaň village in July 2010. This finding started research at other railway stations in south-west Slovakia and other seventeen localities were found (Kuty, Bratislava, Sereď, Galanta, Šaľa, Trnovec nad Vahom, Komjatice, Tvrdošovce, Hurbanovo, Nove Zamky, Komarno, Mužla, Kalna nad Hronom, Tekovske Lužany, Levice, Biňa, Šturovo). Our results showed that G. purpureum is now relatively common alien species of railway habitats in southwestern Slovakia. The species has occupied especially free gravel sites in railway tracks and its close surroundings in open ruderal pioneer community. It disappears from closed vegetation. A brief description of the species is given and its distribution in Slovakia and Central Europe is mentioned.
Hradílek Z., Chlachula J. & Nesterova S.G. (2011): New bryophyte records from Kazakhstan. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 29-36. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: Eighteen bryophyte taxa have been recently recorded in Kazakhstan for the first time – Aloina rigida, Andreaea rupestris, Bryum cryophilum, B. weigelii, Campylidium sommerfeltii, Conocephalum salebrosum, Dicranella crispa, Dicranum acutifolium, D. angustum, D. undulatum, Fissidens bryoides var. gymnandrus, Orthotrichum vladikavkanum, Pogonatum dentatum, Pohlia proligera, Rhabdoweisia crispata, Sciuro-hypnum curtum, Struckia enervis, and Trachycystis ussuriensis. Details of the study sites, including the bryophyte species distribution and population abundance are provided.
Studnička M. (2011): Surprising phenomena in the life strategy of Utricularia cornigera in Brazil. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 37-43. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The symbiotic relationships of the carnivorous plant Utricularia cornigera Studnička are documented and discussed, paying attention to the morphology of its seedlings. The life strategy of this bladderwort is rather different in subalpine plant communities and in alpine communities according to research in Serra dos Orgãos in SE Brazil. The life strategy of Utricularia reniformis is compared according to observations made in similar habitats in Serra da Mantiqueira.
Kliment J., Šibikova I. & Šibik J. (2011): On the occurrence of the arctic-alpine and endemic species in the high-altitude vegetation of the Western Carpathians. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 45-61. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: This contribution brings the overall knowledge on quantitative distribution of endemic and relic arctic-alpine taxa of vascular plants in the high-altitude plant communities of the Western Carpathians. The occurrence of the phytogeographically relevant floristic elements in the high-mountain vegetation of the Western Carpathians was analysed based on the synoptic phytosociological tables. One of the most important conditions for the speciation of new taxa (incl. endemics), as well as for preservation of relic taxa (depending on the plasticity of individual taxa), is the diversity of the geological bedrock and the rugged relief, which directly influence the habitat diversity and in turn affect the diversity of the flora and vegetation. The data analysis revealed that the presence of both floristic elements in the analysed syntaxa increases with 1) increasing altitude, 2) increasing variability of the geological bedrock and 3) with more rugged relief. Both groups of geographical elements reach the highest proportion in extreme windward high-altitude habitats with low snow-cover (Oxytropido- Elynion, Festucion versicoloris, Caricion firmae), as well as in the habitats with a long-lasting snow cover that considerably shortens the vegetation season (Arabidion caeruleae, Salicion herbaceae).
Özdemir C., Bozdağ B., Akyol Y., Şen U., Sepet H. & Yetişen K. (2011): Morphological and anatomical investigations of Romulea bulbocodium var. bulbocodium and Romulea bulbocodium var. leichtliniana (Iridaceae). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 65-72. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: In this study, the morphological and anatomical features of Romulea bulbocodium var bulbocodium L. and Romulea bulbocodium (L.) Seb. & Mauri var. leichtliniana (Heldr. ex Hal.) Bég were studied. In the morphological part of the study, features of various organs of the plants such as corm, scape, leaf and flower were determined and illustrated. In anatomical studies, crosssection of the plants root, scape and leaf parts were examined and demonstrated. The anatomical properties of the two varieties were determined to be similar to each other and also to other species of the genus Romulea. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the characteristics of the two taxa evaluating the results obtained from morphological and anatomical investigations.
Kadiri A. B., Oboh B. & Oha C. (2011): Systematic value of foliar epidermal morphology in some taxa of the tribes: Urticeae and Parietariae of the West African Urticaceae. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 73-83. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The foliar epidermal characteristics of all West African species of the tribe Parietarieae and some taxa in the tribe Urticeae were investigated by the means of light microscopy for the purposes of easy identification and justification of recent taxonomic merging of Fleurya with Laportea. In the tribes, cell number is higher on the adaxial surface (52 to 110) than on the abaxial surface (19 to 96), stomata number varies from 31 to 42 per mm² while cell size ranged from 60.8 - 70.4 μm x 22.4 - 32.0 μm on the adaxial surface and 32.0 - 40.0 μm x 16.0 - 22.4 μm on the abaxial surface. Generally, all the species have hypostomatic leaves and anomocytic stomatal type but paracytic and anisocytic types are diagnostic for Laportea aestuans, Laportea ovalifolia, Parietaria laxiflora, and Laportea alatipes. Glandular and simple trichomes of different sizes were observed in all the taxa except in Girardinia heterophylla and L. ovalifolia. The cell shape, anticlinal wall pattern, and stomatal type which correlate to a reasonable extent have supported the amalgamation of Laportea and Fleurya. Crystal sands of calcium oxalate were found in L. ovalifolia, Girardinia condensata, and Parietaria laxiflora while peltate scales distinguished P. laxiflora from other species. The species have medicinal and economic values. An artificial indented dichotomous taxonomic key for separating the taxa is presented.
Kučera P. & Kliment J. (2011): On the nomenclature and syntaxonomy of the phytosociological survey “Die Wälder und Gebüsche Österreichs”: examples of the class Piceetea excelsae Klika 1948. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 85-92. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: This paper deals with nomenclatural proposals by the recent Austrian phytosociological survey “Die Wälder und Gebüsche Österreichs” (WILLNER et al. 2007). In respect of the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature, we re-evaluate the authors’ approach to syntaxa names. An explanation is given of names assigned to the class Piceetea excelsae Klika 948 referred to in that study, in rank of class (Vaccinio-Piceetea), order (Piceetalia excelsae, Vaccinio-Piceetalia, Athyrio-Piceetalia), alliance (Abieti-Piceion, Vaccinio-Piceion, Piceion excelsae), association (Homogyno alpinae-Piceetum, Adenostylo alliariae-Piceetum, Equiseto sylvatici-Piceetum, Calamagrostio villosae-Piceetum, Laricetum deciduae, Pinetum cembrae) and subassociation (automatic epithet typicum). We emphasize careful consideration of the rules of the ICPN and relevant literature, irrespective of the specific syntaxonomical approach adopted. The associations Adenostylo alliariae-Piceetum Hartmann 1953 and Fago-Piceetum Hartmann 1953 are lectotypified.
Budnikov G. (2011): Morphological variation of specimens and populations of Galanthus nivalis L. in western regions of Ukraine. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 95-109. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The article shows the nature of variability of 15 morphological features of Galanthus nivalis L. populations from different regions of western Ukraine. The analysis of interpopulational variation of G. nivalis is given. Correlation structure of morphological parameters of G. nivalis is shown.
Gerulová K. (2011): Revitalization of Ex-botanical garden in Trnava. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 111-121. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: This contribution is focused on the description of Ex-Botanical garden in Trnava. This Garden was established in 1967 by the Faculty of Education, Comenius University in Bratislava which was at that time settled in Trnava. Garden was very small – about 3,34 ha but it was registered into the system of Botanical gardens and arboretum of ČSSR (Czechoslovak Socialist Republic) 1974. Into the group of orriginaly planted species belongs Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.), Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) Loud, Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don, Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf., Quercus rubra L., Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Etc. In 1986 was Faculty of Education moved to Bratislava and into the buildings were moved MTF STU. Focus of new faculty was widely different than the last one and the area of Botanical garden started grown by succession. In 2005 the Department of Environmental Engineering of MTF STU initiated the revitalization of the area.
Gregorek R. (2011): Influence of intensive fertilization on growth performance of decorative cultivars of Nymphaea sp. in Botanical Garden of P.J.Šafárik University in Košice, Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 123-130. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: Aquatic plants, especially water lilies, are popular complements of the gardens with water elements. However, the principles of management for these species not always use the results of serious investigations. Particularly, the technique and intensity of fertilization markedly influence both the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of these plants. Within the area of Botanical Garden of P.J. Šafárik University in Košice, there was prepared and applied the methodology for investigation of the growth responses to various regimes of management. Using the cultivar Nymphaea x hybr. „Marliacea Chromatella“ as a model example, this paper presents the influence of different doses of fertilizer to water lilies with reccomendations for the floricultural practice.
Hoťka P. (2011): Taxonomic composition of the genus Philadelphus sp. in the Mlyňany Arboretum SAS and its presentation. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 131-139. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The article deals with the taxonomic composition of the genus Philadelphus sp. in the Mlyňany Arboretum SAS. Information from the last inventory in 2010 showed considerable variability in the external characteristics of each introduced species. The results showed that in some species there were re-introduced the interesting provenances and varieties, which increased the taxonomic richness of the collections and the possibility of the presentation of taxa in this genus.
Kelbel P. & Adamčíková Z. (2011): Selected invasive and expansive tree species in conditions of the Botanical garden of P.J. Šafárik University in Košice. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 141-152. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: Thesis is about invasive and expansive tree species growing in conditions of the Botanical Garden of P.J. Šafárik University in Košice. The aim of this work is to detect the current occurrence of selected species, to map their areas and also to reevaluate their economic value. On the basis of these facts the main goal is to suggest the realisation of the preventive and protective precautions for the selectied woody plants. The field research was carried out by the method of monitoring the Botanical Garden and graphical recording of individual species in the map. There were put down these parameters : diameter of a tree trunk at height 1,3 m, number of individuals, height of individuals and area of sprouts. The field research has explicitly shown that the continual control of these locations is necessary. The biggest number of canopy individuals was recorded of species Robinia pseudoacacia, Ailanthus altisima, Fraxinus excelsior, Acer platanoides and as to the area of occurrence there are species eg. Swida sanguinea. In comparison to invasive species, these expansive species do not push out original ecosystem particles so aggressively; preventative precautions should not be undermined. In terms of prevention either mechanical elimination of seedlings or herbicidal liquidation is suggested, but the control of the individuals is a necessity.
Kelbel P. & Košťálik J. (2011): Geological and geomorphological characteristics of the area of Botanical Garden of PJŠU in Košice and the use of these data in botanical practice. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 153-159. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract:. The paper deals with the area of Botanical Garden of PJŠU in Košice from the viewpoint of geology and geomorphology. Next to the general characteristics, the special attention is paid to the Quaternary elements of this area. Present state of woody plant stands, both planted and spontaneously occurred ones, are mentioned in connection to geological and geomorphological features.
Kormuťák A., Vooková B., Braná M., Maňka P. & Gömöry D. (2011): Cone size in putative hybrid swarm populations of Pinus sylvestris L. and Pinus mugo Turra in northern Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 161-165. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: Comparative study on cone size has been done involving four populations of the putative hybrid swarms of Pinus sylvestris × P. mugo in northern Slovakia and three control populations of the parental species of P. sylvestris and P. mugo. The hybrid swarm populations were characterized by a reduced size of their cones compared to parental species. The phenomenon is supposed to be due to the lower quality of seeds in hybrid swarms.
Maňka P., Kormuťák A. & Gömöry D. (2011): Deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in selected Slovak populations of Pinus mugo Turra, Pinus sylvestris L. and their putative hybrid swarms. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 167-175. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: Genetic variation of two Pinus mugo Turra populations, one Pinus sylvestris population and four putative hybrid swarms of the species was studied using 12 polymorphic allozyme loci. In all populations studied the relatively high values of fixation indices were found. The causes of this phenomenon vary from population to population. The population of P. sylvestris from Hruštín is characterized by a small population size. We assume that this is the reason for such a high value of the fixation index of the population (0.234). The specific growth and reproductive biology (pollination occurs primarily between the nearest neighbours) of Pinus mugo is probably the cause of high value of fixation index in population Roháče (0.290). Putative hybrid swarms is difficult to compare. They have different population sizes and different proportions of the individuals of parent species and their hybrids. Fixation indices in the various putative hybrid swarms vary significantly (0.102–0.235). We assume that a larger portion of hybrids in hybrid swarm means a lower fixation index. Our results indicate that the highest proportion of hybrids should occur at sites Habovka and Terchová.
Mártonfiová L. (2011): Comparison of breeding behaviour of Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia and Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma (Asteraceae). – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 177-184. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: All three basic breeding systems – allogamy, autogamy and apomixis are found in the genusTaraxacum. Most Taraxacum sections combine both sexual and asexulal way of reproduction. Two of these sections have wide distribution across Europe – the sections Ruderalia and Erythrosperma. Different life strategies in these sections lead to differences in their breeding systems: In the section Erythrosperma,when compared with Ruderalia, stronger tendency to autogamy in diploids, lower pollen production by triploids and their lower crossability with diploid sexuals is found. This reflects lower population density and the existence of dandelions from the sect. Erythrosperma in stable communities. In the section Ruderalia wide range of habitats with frequently changing conditions implies permanent necessity to generate new variability and to spread it through new triploid genotypes. It is assured by high crossability and possible gene flow to higher ploidy levels.
In the paper, diploid individuals of Taraxacum sect. Erythrosperma with pollen grains with different sizes in diameter are reported, too. This phenomenon is rather unusual in diploid sexuals.
Suvák M. (2011): Predatory and parasitic insects in greenhouses of Botanical Garden of P.J.Šafárik University in Košice, Slovakia. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 185-205. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The paper deals with predatory and parasitoid insect taxa registered in Botanical Garden of P.J. Šafárik University in Košice in greenhouses after excluding the use of broad-spectrum pesticides since April 2006. Special attention is paid to species occurring spontaneously, i.e. those ones which invade greenhouses from outdoors or are accidentally introduced by humans. The intentionally released biological control agents are also mentioned. This preliminary survey presents some observations on natural pest control without, or with only occasional, direct human interventions against the most important pests of plants in greenhouses. On the other hand, natural enemies of beneficial species also occurred here, including several cases of hyperparasitic relations. These preliminary results indicate some successive changes in predatory and parasitic insect species composition in complex environment of heated greenhouses with a mix of tropical, subtropical and temperate flora during 6 years. Some species are interesting also from faunistic viewpoint.
Urbisz An., Urbisz Al. & Błażyca B. (2011): Rock vascular plant species of the Kraków-Częstochowa Uplands. – Thaiszia – J. Bot. 21: 207-214. – ISSN 1210-0420.
Abstract: The present work is based on results of own field studies carried out in the area of Kraków-Częstochowa Uplands in the period 1999-2004 as well as on data from other authors, derived from literature, herbarium collections and the current database of Distribution Atlas of Vascular Plants in Poland (ATPOL). Distribution of species was presented using the cartogramme method – the study area was divided according to ATPOL principles into 660 basic study fields (2 km by 2 km squares). The flora of Kraków-Częstochowa Uplands includes 1441 species of permanently naturalised vascular plants. This is the region with the high number of rock plant species (Tab. 1). Most of them belong to Lamiaceae and Rosaceae. They are mostly grassland (Festuco-Brometea) or rock cervices (Asplenietea rupestria) species, mainly hemicryptophytes and herbaceous chamaephytes. Rock species of the study area generally prefer full light, warm climate conditions and dry soils. The highest concentration of their localities was recorded from the southern part of Kraków-Częstochowa Uplands, especially within the territory of Ojców National Park.